This is an in-depth study on the book Hebrews, which is about the supremacy of Christ and ties the First Testament and the Second Testament together. This study is 20 hours long (recorded in 2015). This is worth 3 Bible CEUs.

 

Hebrews Notes (777 KB)

play-film-icon Hebrews Overview

 

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Hebrews Introduction
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13:20 min
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Hebrews 1:1-4
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40:48 min
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Hebrews 1:5-6
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43:07 min
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Hebrews 1:7
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16:13 min
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Hebrews 1:8-2:4
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35:01 min
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Hebrews 2:5-9
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26:41 min
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Hebrews 2:10-13
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22:22 min
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Hebrews 2:14-18
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28:53 min
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Hebrews 3:1-6
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42:26 min
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Hebrews 3:7-19
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38:06 min
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Hebrews 4:1-13
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33:56 min
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Hebrews 4:14-16
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35:31 min
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Hebrews 5:1-10
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36:15 min
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Hebrews 5:11-6:3
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19:53 min
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Hebrews 6:4-6
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42:40 min
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Hebrews 6:7-12
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31:57 min
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Hebrews 6 Application
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19:42 min
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Hebrews 6:13-20
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18:53 min
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Hebrews 7:1-10
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42:17 min
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Hebrews 7:11-19
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42:54 min
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Hebrews 7:20-28
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16:37 min
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Hebrews 7 The Law
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47:00 min
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Hebrews 8:1-6
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32:38 min
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Hebrews 8:7-13
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40:51 min
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Hebrews 9:1-10
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16:42 min
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Hebrews 9:11-14
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27:18 min
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Hebrews 9:15-22
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33:42 min
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Hebrews 9:23-28
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23:11 min
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Hebrews 10:1-18
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27:22 min
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Hebrews 10:19-39
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41:52 min
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Hebrews 11:1-7
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47:04 min
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Hebrews 11:8-22
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29:53 min
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Hebrews 11:23-31
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13:55 min
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Hebrews 11:32-40
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17:47 min
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Hebrews 12:1-13
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32:47 min
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Hebrews 12:14-29
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43:18 min
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Hebrews 13:1-6
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25:14 min
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Hebrews 13:7-25
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20:08 min

 

The book of Hebrews is a complex, beautiful, and artistic argument on the finality and supremacy of Jesus Christ above all things. The book takes many ideas and themes from the First Testament and weaves them into Jesus Christ, thus connecting the two testaments into one complete picture of how God all throughout history was moving towards the coming of Christ.

The purpose of Hebrews is to demonstrate that Jesus Christ is the unique God-man and king-priest who is the finality of God’s revelation and superior to all things. Hebrews takes the main typologies of the First Testament kingship and priesthood and traces them to their final fulfillment in Jesus Christ so that He is seen as the finality of all of God’s revelation (Heb. 1:1-4). Therefore, Jesus Christ is superior to all things. As the author develops his argument by connecting the typologies of the First Testament into Christ, it becomes clear that part of what the author of Hebrews is doing is teaching you how to put the Bible together (Lk. 24:27) the way that God intended. The author constantly takes you back to the gospel and the cross even though he does not use that language.

The author demonstrates Christ’s superiority not by simply stating that He is the best but rather by showing how Christ is better than prophets, angels, Moses, the priests, and the Mosaic Covenant. (The word better is used thirteen times in Hebrews, and similar wordings are seen in Heb. 2:2-4; 3:3-6; 5:4-10; 10:27-28; 12:25). By contrasting Christ’s superiority to every comparison, the author uses understatement, which gives his argument a rhetorical power. A strong man does not look as strong when he is standing alone and declared to be the best as much as he does when he stands beside many other strong men and is declared to be better.

Jesus Christ is first presented as the greatest and final revelation, for He is God’s own Son, whereas the prophets and angels are merely creations of God (Heb. 1:1-4). The author contrasts Christ with the angels, Moses, and the Levitical priesthood because this is the chain of revelation that God developed in the Torah. Second, as God’s Son Jesus Christ is also a superior mediator between humanity and God, for He is both human and God. The angels, Moses, and the Levitical priesthood are also chosen because they were mediators between humanity and God. The author shows that they were chosen not because they were the best mediators but rather they were to serve as a typology for Christ who would come as the better mediator. As a result, the final revelation of Jesus Christ as the Son of God and superior high priest ensures final victory for all who are in Christ since He is established in the heavenly throne and sanctuary and prepares a place for His heirs.

The secondary purpose of Hebrews is to warn those who belong to the Christian community, who have professed Christ but are not necessarily devoted to Him and are close to rejecting Christ and going back to the Jewish regulations because they are not willing to maintain their confession in the midst of persecution. The author warns them that there is a severe punishment for those who abandon the great revelation and salvation of God found in His Son Jesus Christ and who go back to the ways of the world; on the other side, there are great blessings and vindication for those who are found persevering in Christ.
There are five warning passages in the book of Hebrews, which warn against the dangers of drifting (Heb. 2:1-4), disobedience (Heb. 3:7-4:13), degeneration (Heb. 6:1-12), despising (Heb. 10:26-39), and denying (Heb. 12:25-29). Each of these warning passages builds on the previous one, progressively getting harsher and more severe in both its warning and judgment. The superiority of Christ becomes the foundation for the warning passages through the implementation of a lesser-to-greater argument. By explaining the punishment for disbelief and disobedience in the First Testament, the author demonstrates how much greater the punishment will be for those who disbelieve and disobey Christ—who is superior to the old order. Likewise, the blessing and rest from perseverance are greater and final for those who are found in Christ compared to the blessing and rest experienced by those of the old order. This becomes the exhortation to all those who read the epistle: to not take lightly one’s commitment to Jesus Christ, who is superior to all things. Overall, the argument asks why anyone would choose to follow anything else the world has to offer since Christ is a superior king as God’s Son and a superior mediator as the heavenly high priest.