This study in Ruth takes a look at three extraordinary people of faith who loved Yahweh and loved others despite the culture they lived in and how Yahweh blessed them as a result. This study is 3 hours long (recorded in 2013). This is worth 3 Bible CEUs along with the Judges study.

Ruth Notes (217.77 KB)

 

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Ruth 1:1-2:3
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1:02:52 min
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Ruth 2:4-3:18
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1:01:07 min
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Ruth 4:1-22
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1:01:44 min

 

The book begins by stating that the story takes place during the time period of the Judges. Before the time period of the Judges, the courageous and godly leader Joshua had led the most faithful generation of Israel into the Promised Land, which Yahweh had promised them. This generation faithfully conquered the land of Canaan and divided the land among the twelve tribes. Yahweh commanded that the next generation of tribal leaders conquer the remaining Canaanite cities within their tribal allotment. However, the judges failed to obey Yahweh and carry out His will, instead leading the nation of Israel away from Yahweh and into the abhorrent practices of the surrounding Canaanites. The book of Judges tells how the nation practiced idolatry, child sacrifice, sexual immorality, and many other sins. The repeating phrase is that “everyone did what was right in their own eyes.” The book ends with the nation being so corrupted that they are performing unspeakable acts of murder, abduction, and rape of the very women they were supposed to protect and care for. Most likely, based on the genealogy at the end of the book, Ruth takes place at the end of the 300 years of the Judges.

After reading the book of Judges one should feel a deep dread for the widowed Naomi and Ruth, who are living on their own during this time period, wherein everyone was doing what was right in their own eyes. It is in this context that the book of Judges becomes a foil for the characters of Naomi, Ruth, and Boaz. The moral depravity of the culture surrounding these three characters not only makes their moral character stand out all the more but also makes the point that one’s culture does not determine one’s character and faithfulness to Yahweh.

The purpose of Ruth is to demonstrate what loyal, sacrificial love looks like lived out in accordance with the Mosaic Covenant. There are at least two major theological themes that stand out in the book of Ruth and help develop its purpose.