This study in Numbers is the fourth part of a lengthier study in the Torah (first five books of the first Testament) and takes a look at the history and culture of Israel's wandering in the wilderness until Yahweh brings them into the Promised Land. This study is 20 hours long (recorded in 2012). This is worth 3 Bible CEUs. I will be re-teaching and re-recording this class in January of 2018 with updated information.

 

Numbers Notes (844.85 KB)

play-film-icon Numbers Overview

 

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Numbers 1:1-54
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48:38 min
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Numbers 2:1-34
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58:21 min
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Numbers 3:1-4:49
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47:32 min
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Numbers 5:1-6:21
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53:06 min
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Numbers 6:22-9:14
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50:59 min
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Numbers 9:15-10:36
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54:08 min
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Numbers 11:1-12:16
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59:34 min
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Numbers 13:1-14:45
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1:01:05 min
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Numbers 15:1-41
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55:53 min
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Numbers 16:1-17:13
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59:04 min
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Numbers 18:1-19:22
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1:06:05 min
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Numbers 20:1-13
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53:50 min
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Numbers 20:14-21:35
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49:05 min
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Numbers 22:1-23:24
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1:06:09 min
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Numbers 23:25-24:25
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1:01:26 min
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Numbers 25:1-26:65
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56:23 min
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Numbers 27:1-29:40
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1:04:17 min
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Numbers 30:1-31:54
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58:39 min
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Numbers 32:1-33:56
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46:58 min
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Numbers 34:1-35:8
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47:58 min
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Numbers 35:9-36:13
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58:08 min

 

The book opens in the second month of the second year after Israel had departed from Egypt (Num. 1:1). It took Israel three months to arrive at Mt. Sinai after the exodus from Egypt (Ex. 13-15). They have spent the last two years here receiving the Law, building the tabernacle, and establishing the sacrificial system. Now, after completing the tabernacle (Ex. 40:17), they are ready to leave for the Promised Land of Canaan. Numbers covers the preparations for entering Canaan and Israel’s lack of faith to enter the land. This lack of faith resulted in their judgment of wandering in the wilderness for forty years. The book ends forty years later, the older generation having died and the new generation ready to enter the land (Deut. 1:3).

Even though Israel’s wanderings cover the majority of the forty years written about in Numbers, Moses skimmed over the events of those years fairly quickly. Yahweh’s emphasis is on Israel’s preparations for entering Canaan and their receiving the blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen. 12:1-4). Thus, the purpose of the book is to show how Yahweh dealt with and prepared His people to enter Canaan, to take control of the land, and to represent Him in the midst of the foreign nations.

A secondary purpose of the book is to show the necessity of trusting and obeying Yahweh in order to receive His covenant blessings. Because Israel failed to trust Yahweh and enter the land in obedience, an entire generation failed to receive the blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant, and the blessings were postponed until the next, more faithful generation. In addition to this, Numbers shows that the people’s unfaithfulness could not frustrate Yahweh’s plans for the people any more than their enemies could.